Collect from ICSCE 2015

2017 International Conference on Structural and Civil Engineering



Keynote Speaker I

Prof. WONG Kwai Kwan

Research Director of CNRS (National Center of Scientific Research), France

University of Lyon/ENTPE, France

Prof. Wong Kwai Kwan is a Research Professor in Civil Engineering of the French National Center for Scientific Research (CNRS). He is leader of the research group "Sustainable Structures & Infrastructures" of the Laboratory LTDS (associated to CNRS) and a part time professor of the French National School of State Public Works (ENTPE). He has intervened in many courses including soil mechanics, tunnelling and underground works, continuum mechanics, limit equilibrium analysis, strength of materials, structural analysis, theory of plates and shells. Prior to his career in research, he was a geotechnical engineer with Simecsol (now Arcadis), involved in construction projects in France and oversea (1984-90, 1994-95). His PhD (1994) is on the thermal-mechanical behaviour of underground structures. He received his M Eng. (1984) in France and B Eng. (1981) in civil engineering in Hong Kong. He is member of a few national associations: Rock Mechanics (CFMR), Soil Mechanics (CFMS), Tunnelling and Underground Works (AFTES).
Dr Wong's current research is focused on the TCHM behaviour of geomaterials and geostructures:
• Underground storage of nuclear wastes and CO2
• Soils from relatively dry state to quasi-saturated with occluded air bubbles
• Rammed earthen constructions
• Tunnel excavation with face confinement
Prof. Wong Kwai Kwan has worked on various research projects funded by the French National Agence for Research (ANR), National Tunnelling Center (CETU), Institute of Radioprotection and Nuclear Safety (IRSN).

Keynote Speaker II

Prof. Chin Jian Leo,

University of Western Sydney, Australia

Chin Leo received his education at the University of Adelaide, University of Queensland and University of Sydney. He obtained his PhD in 1994 from the University of Sydney and is currently a Professor at the University of Western Sydney, Australia. He has professional experience working in infrastructure and geotechnical engineering projects, including soil investigation, slope stability analysis and geotechnical issues of soft soils. Early in his research career, he studied groundwater and contamination problems in soils. During this period, he developed several numerical models for contaminant migration in porous media. Since early 2000s, he has been involved in poromechanics research dealing with consolidation, sedimentation-consolidation of soft soils, tunnel closure, vibrations of piles and foundations embedded in porous media. His research contributions in this area are primarily on the theoretical or computational side of continuum mechanics, in terms of formulation of the theoretical governing equations from first principle conservation laws, and development of analytical, semi-analytical and numerical finite element solution techniques. Another area of his research, mainly in the last 5 years, deals with characterization and remediation of geomaterials, namely: EPS geofoam, red mud, high power ultrasound remediation of contaminated soils and characterization of compacted sites using unorthodox techniques, such as by microtremor measurements. In this area of research, his contributions are primarily in relation to laboratory (triaxial, true triaxial, consolidation, high power ultrasonics etc), and field experimental work, with a significant computational component. He currently leads the GWEE (Geotechnical, Water and Environmental Engineering) research group at UWS.

Keynote Speaker III

Assoc. Prof. Paulo Mendonça

University of Minho, Portugal

Paulo Mendonça was born in Porto in 10th June. PhD in Civil Engineering by the University of Minho, with the thesis: “Living under a second skin”, acclaimed by unanimity (2005). As a PhD fellowship of FCT (Portuguese Foundation for Science and Technology) he got the “Advanced Studies Diploma” in Barcelona on the Technical Superior School of Architecture (ETSAB). He is Associate Professor in the Architecture School of the University of Minho, Portugal (EAUM). President of EAUM (2011-2012) and Vice-President (2010-2011). Architectural Graduate and Integrated Master Studies Director (2005-2009). He is an author of more than one hundred publications. The main research subjects includes lightweight and mixed weight buildings, low cost housing, local and global economic asymmetries, low-tech strategies, energy costs and sustainable development, new materials and technologies, recycling and reusing potentialities.

Keynote Speech Title: The Evolution of Architectural Membranes

Abstract: Architectural membranes are the most lightweight constructive solutions available nowadays for spaces closuring. They are mostly used to make roofs and increasingly used in facades. In its origin is one of the oldest materials used by man to build human shelters – natural animal skins - later substituted by textile fabrics using natural fibers from vegetal or animal origin. These primitive membranes are still used to build traditional human shelters, generally associated to nomad cultures, such as the Mongolian Yurt, the Tuareg Tent or the Bedouin Black Tent. During the second half of the XXth century, architectural membranes evolved, mainly driven by the development of polymer composites. With the use of fluorine based polymers they present nowadays a life span that can exceed 25 years and can be opaque or assure different degrees of translucency, but not transparency when structural properties are required. In structural membranes, a textile woven fabric is used on the membrane base structure. The most common architectural membrane is the PVC coated Polyester (PES) fabric. Nonstructural transparent architectural membranes, made of homogeneous polymer foils, are becoming more popular nowadays. If in less demanding uses PVC and PE can assure a transparent closure, in permanent structures, Ethylene Tetrafluoroethylene (ETFE) foil can guarantee more interesting properties in terms of durability and stability.

Plenary Speaker I

Assoc. Prof. Zheng Lu

College of Civil Engineering, Tongji University

Dr. Zheng Lu is an Associate Professor in College of Civil Engineering, Tongji University. He got his bachelor degree at Tongji University, specialty in civil engineering in 2004. He entered graduate school with scholarship and finished his master course in 2006, and began the Ph.D study. In 2011, he got his doctor degree in Structural Engineering at Tongji University. From 2007 to 2009, he was in Civil and Environmental Engineering Department at the University of Southern California as a visiting scholar. His research interests are earthquake resistance and disaster reduction of structural engineering, and structural vibration control.

Speech Title: "Seismic Control of a Nonlinear Benchmark Building Using Particle Tuned Mass Dampers"

Abstract: In recent years, the particle tuned mass damper (PTMD) is widely studied as a new type of passive control device. But previous studies have evaluated the vibration control effect of the PTMD in view of the root mean square (RMS) ore peak value. This paper firstly introduces the concept of additional equivalent damping ratio from the perspective of energy dissipation to analyze the vibration control effect of a particle tuned mass damper, which is composed of a solid mass in a container, and is located at the top of a 9-story nonlinear benchmark building. This benchmark model is developed to provide a common basis for comparing the effectiveness of different structural control systems when applied to a realistic structure subjected to earthquake actions. In order to increase the speed of computation associated with evaluating the vibration control effect of the PTMD in the analysis process, a reduced model is developed specifically from finite element model (FEM) by GUYAN Reduction method, which has been elaborately tuned to coincide well with the FEM in terms of both modal frequencies and mode shapes, which ensures that we can use the reduced model instead of the original FEM in the analysis.
The numerical simulation shows that the PTMD can significantly increase the damping ratio of the structure by 2.91%, 2.41%, 3.44% and 3.13% when placed at the top of the primary structure subjected to El Centro, Hachinohe, Northridge and Kobe waves respectively, which makes the uncontrolled structure’s damping being double, thus reducing the displacement, velocity and acceleration response of the primary structure subjected to different seismic waves. At the same time, the vibration control effect of the PTMD system subjected to far-field waves is much larger than that subjected to near-field seismic waves. Whichever the seismic wave the primary structure is subjected to, the additional equivalent damping ratio can reach the maximum when the PTMD is placed at the top of the primary structure, thus the vibration control effect can reach the best. Consequently, the PTMD can effectively control the vibration of the first order mode for a multi-degree-of-freedom structure. The paper can provide the theoretical basis for further engineering application of particle damping technology.

Plenary Speaker II

Prof. Nuno Dinis Cortiços

Universidade de Lisboa, Portugal

Nuno Dinis Cortiços, was born in Lisbon, Portugal, on January 9th, 1974. He graduated as an architect in Faculdade de Arquitectura, Universidade Técnica de Lisboa, in 1999, with 16 grade points (0-20 points), and, was invited to, exhibit his academic work in Ordem dos Arquitectos Portugueses (Portuguese Architects Council). He accomplished a PhD in construction technologies, with 16 grade points (0-20 points), entitled Survey on construction performance of Universities built in the 80’s and 90’s - Identification and Standardization of Construction Defects. In his career path, he worked at Alberto Souza Oliveira, Lda, Júlio Saint-Maurice, Lda (as an architect, in both architecture studios) and at PC Stevens Consulting, Ltd (as technical consultant, in fiscalization in the construction site). Was, also, the founder of Atelier das Picoas, Lda (an architecture atelier), in 2006, and Reformact, Lda (a construction company specialized in remodeling), in 2012. He was visiting professor at Faculdade de Arquitectura, from the Universidade Técnica de Lisboa, from 2007 to 2013. In this same year, he began his academic career as an assistant professor, in that University, where he remains to this day, lecturing subjects as diverse as materials, constructions technologies, constructions defects, constructions performance, rehabilitation and environmental comfort, by way of example.
From 2014 to 2016, assumed the faculty vice-presidency, being responsible for the financial area.
He is considered an expert on constructions management issues, like: processes development and functionality in Portuguese school buildings. As so he was, several times, consulted by the media, such as: daily newspaper “Diário de Notícias” (Portugal), national television station “TV2” (Portugal), national public radio station “RDP 1 – Rádio Difusão Portuguesa” and others.
Recently, he was invited to be keynote speaker in ICAMC 2016, 2nd International Conference on Architecture, Materials and Construction presenting a talk his last research project "Conservation and Maintenance Policies and Practices of Government Buildings in Brasilia, Brazil” and published in the International Journal of Structural and Civil Engineering Research (IJSCER, ISSN: 2319-6009) an article entitled “World Heritage Site Maintenance: Brazil National Congress, Brasília”.
Prof. Cortiços is an active researcher in Centro de Investigação em Arquitetura, Urbanismo e Design at the Faculdade de Arquitetura, from the Universidade de Lisboa, which was founded in 2006 and graded “A” by the Fundação para a Ciência e Tecnologia, in 2007.


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